EVEN LOW EFFICACY FLU VACCINES ARE EFFECTIVE, STYDY FINDS

Researchers estimated that a flu vaccine that is only 20% effective at a 43% vaccine coverage rate would prevent more than 20 million illnesses, 129,000 hospitalizations and 61,000 deaths. The findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences also showed that at a 50% coverage rate, the same vaccine would avert another 3.63 million infections, 21,987 hospitalizations and 8,479 deaths. CNN (4/30),

PEDIATRIC BURN RISKS

Australian researchers found that only 1 in 3 mothers knew that hot beverage scalds were the leading cause of burns in young children, while less than 50% realized that youths ages 6 months to 24 months were most likely to have such injuries. The findings in the journal Injury Prevention also showed that while 94% were aware that cool running water was the best first aid treatment for burns, only 10% knew it should be applied for 20 minutes.

EARLY LIFE ANTIBIOTIC EXPOSURE MAY INCREASE LATER ALLERGY RISK

Researchers found a twofold higher asthma risk and 50% increased odds of anaphylaxis, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis and dust allergies among those who were given antibiotics in the first six months of life.
The Washington Post (tiered subscription model)/The Associated Press (4/2)

AUTISM IN 95% OF CASES COMES WITH OTHER CONDITIONS

More than 95% of children with autism have another disorder as well, according to a CDC study in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Researchers also found that youths with autism had 4.9 of 18 commonly co-occurring conditions, such as congenital or genetic conditions, behavior problems, cognitive issues, regression, and language disorders, on average, with such conditions more likely among 8-year-olds than 4-year-olds.

FDA PANEL CONSIDERS CHANGING COMPOSITION OF NEXT YEAR'S FLU VACCINE

An FDA advisory panel discussing the change the composition of next year's flu vaccine as the US deals with a difficult flu season that has so far led to 97 pediatric deaths and record hospitalizations. FDA will also work with the CDC and other agencies to understand why this year's flu shot was relatively ineffective against the strain that caused most of this year's illnesses.

CDC: FLU SEASON HAS PEAKED AS ACTIVITY DECLINES

CDC officials reported the flu season peaked in early February. However, 17 additional pediatric flu deaths were reported, bringing the season's total to 114, and 81.7 flu-related hospitalizations per 100,000 people were recorded, up from 74.5 per 100,000 the week before, and officials say the increasing proportion of influenza B viruses may prompt a late-season bump in infections. (3/2), The Washington Post

FEBRUARY 2018 PHYSICIAN ALERT: INFLUENZA AND SEPSIS

Please read this quote from CDC, I received yesterday: "Prompt recognition and treatment of sepsis are critical at all times, but are especially topical during this challenging influenza season, which is likely to continue into the Spring.

PRENATAL ANTIBIOTIC EXPOSURE MAY INCREASE INFECTION RISK IN BABIES

Australian and Danish researchers found that children whose mothers took antibiotics during pregnancy were up to 20% more likely to be hospitalized for infections by age 14, compared with those whose mothers didn't take antibiotics. The findings in the International Journal of Epidemiology also showed increased odds of infections, especially gastrointestinal infections, among those born vaginally, compared with those born by cesarean section, among those whose mothers took antibiotics during pregnancy.

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