STUDY SHEDS LIGHT ON EFFECTS OF HEAVY SCREEN TIME IN CHILDHOOD

Children ages 9 and 10 who spent at least seven hours on screens daily had early thinning of the cortex in MRI scans, and those with more than two hours of daily screen time had lower language and thinking test scores, compared with those with shorter daily screen times, according to an ongoing NIH study. However, further study is needed to determine the association between prolonged screen times and premature cortex thinning in youths, as well as any related outcomes. The study will follow 11,000 children for 10 years to see how prolonged screen time affects the brain. CBS News (12/9)

E-CIGARETTE USETIED TO HIGHER ODDS OF TOBACCO SMOKING AMONG TEENS

Teens who used e-cigarettes were about four times as likely to start using cigarettes compared with those who didn't use e-cigarettes, researchers reported in Pediatrics.

CDC REPORTS RECORD LOW SMOKING RATES IN THE USA

Smoking rate among adults ages 18 to 24 declined from 13% in 2016 to 10% in 2017, according to a study in the CDC's Report. Full implementation of comprehensive smoke-free laws, increased tobacco taxes and raising the legal smoking age to 21 could further decrease smoking rates, said Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids President. CNN (11/8)

STUDY: OVER 20% OF PEDIATRIC SCALD INJURIES ARE DUE TO INSTANT SOUPS AND NOODLE CUPS

Researchers found that 21.5% of scald injuries among US children ages 4 to 12 in emergency departments between 2006 and 2016 were due to instant soups and noodles. The findings, presented at the AAP annual meeting, also showed that instant soup- and noodle-related injuries were most prevalent among 7-year-olds and girls.

PEDIATRIC VACCINE EXEMPTION IS GIVEN QUESTIONABLY BY SOME DOCTORS IN CALIFORNIA

A study showed that the rate of kindergarten students in CA who were given all required vaccinations increased from 92.8% to 95.1%, but the rate of those with medical exemptions rose from 0.2% to 0.7% after the implementation of state legislation eliminating personal belief exemptions in 2015. Interviews with local health officials showed they have concerns regarding their authority to approve or disapprove of questionable medical exemptions and concerns about physicians who charge fees to authorize medical exemptions.Los Angeles Times

IT'S NOT AS BENIGN AS WE THINK

Cannabis Use Disorder: DSM-58
The DSM-5 defines CUD as a pattern of cannabis use that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress, as evidenced by the presence of at least two of the following criteria within a 12-month period:
Taking more cannabis than intended
Difficulty controlling or cutting down cannabis use
Spending a lot of time on cannabis use
Cannabis cravings
Problems at work, school, and home as a result of cannabis use
Continuing to use cannabis despite social or relationship problems

NEW SPECULATIONS ABOUT ANTIBIOTIC USE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD

Newsweek (9/19) reports researchers “believe the bacteria that live in a toddler’s mouth could provide clues as to whether they will become obese.” After collecting “the gut and oral microbiota of 226 two-year-old children by swabbing their mouths and taking stool samples,” investigators found that “children with rapid infant weight gain – a growth pattern which is a key indicator of whether a baby will become obese – were found to have a less diverse range of microbes in their mouths.”

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